Geologic engineers are responsible for assessing the integrity of the natural conditions of the rock, soil and groundwater of the project before beginning major construction. They provide advice on the development and appropriateness of the construction ground and materials. They are responsible for analyzing construction sites and designing environmentally sound structures. They monitor areas where development is being done and analyze conditions of the grounds to make sure that the structures being constructed are always secure – during construction and during the eventual use of the facilities. Typical work of geologic engineers include consulting aerial photos and geological maps when choosing development site, studying and assessing the value of site information before conducting field tests and investigations. They also assist in designing structures with the aid of specialized software, assess results as required by construction engineers, collect data and prepare reports. Geologic engineers are also involved in making plans for drilling and analyzing collected deposit or bedrock samples, supervising investigations of construction sites. They also manage other personnel including fellow geologic engineers, contractors and consultants.
Geologic engineers need a bachelor’s degree in geological engineering, geosciences or environmental science. Those who want to pursue research positions in private organizations or government agencies must obtain a master’s degree. Senior level positions for research and teaching in colleges and universities require them to have a doctoral degree. Geologic engineers must have extensive computer knowledge especially in mapping, modeling, and data analysis and integration. They should also be up to date in Geographic Information System (GPS) used to pinpoint the location of mineral deposits. They should also possess excellent written and oral communication skills in order to prepare reports and research proposals. Since many oil and mining firms are overseas, knowledge of another language is an advantage.
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