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Interior Designers Job Description

The Interior Designer plans, designs, and furnishes interiors of residential, commercial, or industrial buildings. They must formulate designs which are practical, aesthetic, and conductive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity, selling merchandise, or improving life style. The Interior Designer may specialize in a particular field, style, or phase of interior design.


The Interior Designer confers with clients to determine factors affecting planning interior environments, such as budge, architectural preferences, and purpose and function. The Interior Designer advises clients on interior design factors such as space planning, layout and utilization of furnishings or equipment, and color coordination. The Interior Designer coordinates with other professionals, such as contractors, architects, engineers, and plumbers, to ensure job success. The Interior Designer reviews and details shop drawings for construction plans. The Interior Designer estimates material requirements and costs, and presents design to client for approval. The Interior Designer subcontracts fabrication, installation, and arrangement of carpeting, fixtures, accessories, draperies, paint and wall coverings, art work, furniture, and related items. The Interior Designer formulates environmental plan to be practical, esthetic, and conductive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity or selling merchandise. The Interior Designer selects or designs, and purchases furnishings, art works, and accessories in order to properly do their job function. The Interior Designer renders design ideas in form of paste-ups or drawings. The Interior Designer uses computer aided drafting (CAD) and related software to produce construction documents.


  • The Interior Designers needs knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • The Interior Designers need knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of human behavior and performance, individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  • The Interior Designer needs knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.


The Interior Designer needs the skill to give full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. This is a vital part of their job function which enables them to determine the type of interior design that the client is looking for in order to complete the atmosphere for their project. The Interior Designer needs the skill to understand written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. The Interior Designer needs the skill to determine how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures. The Interior Designer especially needs the skill to talk to others to convey information effectively. They also need the skill to persuade others to change their mind or behavior and still remain satisfied with the end results. The Interior Designer needs the skill to communicate effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience that it is intended. The power of persuasion is vital part of the Interior Designers job function.

Degrees and Training to Become Interior Designers

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