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Lay-Out Workers Job Description

The Lay-Out worker puts reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or work pieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing this also includes ship fitters.


The Lay-Out Worker fits and aligns fabricated parts to be welded or assembled. The Lay-out Worker plans and develops layouts from blueprints and templates, applying knowledge of trigonometry, design, effects of heat, and properties of metals. The Lay-Out Worker lies out and fabricates metal structural parts such as plates, bulkheads, and frames. The Lay-Out Worker marks curves, lines, holes, dimensions, and welding symbols onto work pieces, using scribes, soap-stones, punches, and hand drills. The Lay-Out Worker commutes layout dimensions, and determines and marks reference points on metal stock or work pieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly. The Lay-Out Worker locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators. The Lay-Out lift and position work pieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates. The Lay-Out Worker plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules. The Lay-Out Worker inspects machined parts to verify conformance to specifications. The Lay-Out Worker designs and prepares templates of wood, paper, or metal.

Skills and Abilities

  • The Lay-out Worker uses mathematics to solve problems relating to his job function.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must have the ability to adjust their actions in relation to the actions of others who they are working with on the team.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must have the ability to teach the team or individual workers how to perform their job functions or use the necessary machines.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must have the ability to use logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must have the skill to understand written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • The Lay-Out Worker performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must give full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to identify complex problems and review related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must determine the kind of tools and equipment needed to do the job before they start the job function.
  • The Lay-Out Worker must have the ability to consider the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to see details at close range within a few feet of the observer. The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts re moved or rearranged.
  • The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • The Lay-Out Worker needs the ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules for example patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, or mathematical operations.

The Lay-Out Worker inspects equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. The Lay-Out Worker uses hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. The Lay-Out Worker is responsible for getting the necessary information needed to do their job function. They normally do this by observing, receiving, and otherwise obtain information from all relevant sources. The Lay-Out Worker analyzes information and evaluates results to choose the best solution and solve problems that are work related. They must identify information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Degrees and Training to Become Lay-Out Workers

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